Texas Ag Report

Stephenville Empire-Tribune

Most of the state received from trace amounts to upward of 1.5 inches of precipitation. Some areas in the Coastal Bend, South Texas, and the Lower Valley received up to 2.0 inches. Precipitation was needed throughout the state as drought conditions continued in many areas. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork.

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Small grains: Small grains were reported in various stages and conditions across the state. Greenbug issues were reported again in the Northern Low Plains. Meanwhile, strip rust was a concern in some winter wheat crops in the Blacklands and fungicide spraying had begun. In South Texas small grain crops were under irrigation in some areas.

Row crops: In the High Plains and the Southern Low Plains, farmers continued pre-planting activities for row crops. Corn and sorghum planting in the Cross Timbers and the Blacklands was close to complete. Pre-irrigation on row crop fields continued in the Trans-Pecos. Farmers in Edwards Plateau were gearing up for cotton planting. Meanwhile, cotton planting was moving along quickly in South Central Texas. Cotton, rice, and soybean planting continued in the Upper Coast, while corn and sorghum fields were looking good. In South Texas, early cotton planting had begun as corn and sorghum fields began irrigation. Producers in the Lower Valley worked to finish planting cotton.

Fruit, vegetable and specialty crops: Pecan orchards in the Cross Timbers had begun to bud in some areas. Meanwhile, pecan orchards in the Trans-Pecos and vegetable fields in South Texas continued irrigation. Onion and sugarcane harvest continued in the Lower Valley.

Livestock, range and pasture: Supplemental feeding continued across the state. Runoff rainwater was still needed in the Northern Low Plains, Edwards Plateau, and the Blacklands to fill tanks for livestock. Coastal Bermuda had begun emerging at a slow pace in the Cross Timbers. The fly population continued to increase in the Blacklands and North East Texas. Spring calves in North East Texas were doing well. In Edwards Plateau, spring lambing and kidding continued while spring sheep shearing had begun. Pasture and range condition was rated mostly fair to poor, though pasture conditions varied greatly across the state.

Spring planting: Texas upland cotton is forecast at 6.80 million acres, unchanged from last year. Planting of Pima cotton is expected to total 20,000 acres, 47% below 2020. Growers intend to plant 2.10 million acres of corn, down 7% from last year. Producers intend to plant 2 million acres of sorghum this year, 11% above last year. Texas winter wheat planted, at 5.50 million acres, is up 12% from a year ago. Planted acreage for oats is down 15% from last year, at 400,000 acres. Prospective soybean acreage, at 80,000 acres, is down 33% from last year. Planted acreage for peanuts is forecast at 170,000 acres, down 11% from 2020. An estimated 4.80 million acres will be harvested for dry hay this year, down 4% from last year.

— Texas Department of Agriculture