Summer is winding down and fall is quickly approaching. If you want to control some of your winter annuals, (annual bluegrass, rescue grass, henbit, and chickweed) early September is the time. Annual weeds germinate from seed each year and live for one growing season. The winter annuals germinate in the late summer or early fall and die the following spring or summer. Now is the time to control some of your unwanted winter weeds.

Make sure to read the label before applying the herbicides, to understand application.  It is very important to get a uniform coverage so that there are not any stray weeds. To keep from losing some of your flowerbeds and shrubbery, make sure to apply herbicides only in the lawn area.

According to Dr. Hennen Cummings, be careful putting herbicides on St. Augustine grass.  The fewer herbicides placed on St. Augustine grass the better.  Even if St. Augustine grass is on the label, it may still be stunted for a month or more.  Fall pre-emergence herbicide applications for winter annual weed control (henbit, chickweed, annual bluegrass) are safer on St. Augustine grass than spring applications, but they control different weed spectrums.

Don’t worry about adding high nitrogen fertilizers to your lawns this late in the year. If you feel the need to put out a fertilizer use one that is high in potassium and iron with a little nitrogen. Something similar to (5-0-31). Make sure and use slow release fertilizers and more is not always better.

The key to a weed free lawn is a dense turf. (Mow, fertilize & irrigate properly). Less sunlight on the soil surface will result in fewer weeds.

A good publication for reference is “Herbicides for Weed Control in Turfgrass,” available through the Texas AgriLife Extension Bookstore at http://agrilifebookstore.org.

Texas fruit conference

The Texas Fruit Conference is an educational program of the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, scheduled for Oct. 15 and 16 at the New Braunfels Civic Convention Center. 

 Our 2018 program features 13 different speakers and highlights eight fruits (plums, figs, pineapple guava, pomegranates, peaches, hops, golden kiwi, and blueberries). Pomegranates are featured in this program with presentations on management, varieties and production trends in the El Paso Valley.  growers.  Production topics will cover frost protection, fertigation, invasive insects, good horticultural practices, root rot management and dealing with whitetail deer. 

The Texas Fruit Conference is open to anyone with recreational or commercial interest in growing perennial fruits in Texas.  Our program is purposefully diversified to appeal to new and experienced growers alike.

Registration fee includes lunch on Tuesday, October 16th, and access to our networking reception and organoleptic learning event---The Taste of Texas Fruits, which features an array of fresh Texas fruit, fruit beverages and value-added products from 5:30 to 7:00pm on Monday, October 15th.

Early Bird Registration of $65 per person through Sept. 15. Regular Online registration of $75/person runs from Sept.16 to Oct. 11. Register in person on Oct. 15 for $85.

Lonnie Jenschke is an Erath County extension agent.